Kwara state profile
Kwara Reform Agenda Summary
Kwara State is located in western Nigeria, and has a population of 2,371,089 (2006) with 48% of its population being under 15 years of age. Its economy is based on subsistence farming, with some small-scale manufacturing, and government-driven economic activity. Its capital, and only sizable city, is Ilorin. It is among the six poorest states in Nigeria.
On a more positive note, the current State Government is noted for its commitment to a reform agenda
State and LGA
ESSPIN is helping the state make better use of its resources to plan, manage, deliver and monitor services. The Kwara State Education Sector Performance Report has been finalized based on thec2009/2010 Annual School Census which captured realistic education data for the state. The report will feed into the current planning and budgeting cycle of the state government.
Through ESSPIN's support, Kwara state has established the Quality Assurance Bureau (QAB), a single body responsible for monitoring the quality of teaching and learning in all schools. The QAB has developed a handbook for school evaluation which Quality Assurance Officers will use to measure the quality of all schools against uniform and objective criteria.
With ESSPIN's support, the State School Improvement Team (SSIT) was established in 2009 and saddled with the responsibility of ensuring quality improvement in schools. To achieve this, the SSIT is supporting the Local Government Education Authority advisory staff to train (Assistant) Head Teachers on leadership and management and teachers on numeracy and literacy.
Trainings for Primary 1-3 teachers are scheduled for completion in 2010 while trainings for Primary 4-6 teachers will hold in 2011. The trainings are being conducted in collaboration with the College of Education, Oro. The College has undergone considerable reforms to enable it serve as an effective pre-service trainer of basic education teachers.
Building up government capacity and providing help to schools and communities is one of ESSPIN's mandates in Kwara State. The State has been supported with provision of boreholes and toilets to needy schools. This is complemented by support for the establishment of school health clubs to ensure that the facilities are maintained and that the children use them properly.
The State has also through ESSPIN's support commenced process for the establishment of School Based Management Committees (SBMCs) in 4 pilot Local Government Areas (LGAs). An SBMC Task Team has been constituted to facilitate the establishment working with six Civil Society Organisations and the Department of Social Mobilization of the State Universal Basic Education Board (SUBEB) to sensitise, mobilize, train and mentor community representatives to participate in school governance.
Key Facts Based on the 2009/10 Annual School Census
- No schools in this State run double shifts
- There are over 267,300 primary school children in Kwara State (47.7% Female 52.3% Male)
- In Senior Secondary School there are just over 82,700 enrolled, 44.3% of whom are girls
- There are approx 17,200 primary school teachers employed, 9,900 of whom are female.
- The Kwara primary pupil/teacher ratio is 12:1 and 14:1 when considering only qualified teachers
- At SSS level the pupil teacher ratio is 14:1 and the pupil to qualified teacher ratio of 16:1
- Approx 25% of all teachers in the State received training in the last 12 months.
- There are approx 7,100 primary classrooms, 89.9% of which are usable. (Approx 34 pupils per classroom in primary).
- 28% of primary classrooms have sufficient seating and 67.9% have a good blackboard
- 65% of primary schools have no source of safe water
- 85.4% of primary schools have no toilet. The average pupil to toilet ratio is 309:1. The worst LGA for pupil to toilet ratio at primary level is Kaiama LGA with a ratio of 1100 pupils per toilet.
- All children progress from primary school to JSS.
Annual School Census - The Kwara Perspective
The Annual School Census (ASC) is an activity designed to capture relevant data as needed for adequate planning and administration of education in Nigeria. Over the years, logistics have been a major challenge towards the successful implementation of this annual event. Read More
Education Reform in Kwara
The reform of the College of Education Oro is one of the strands of the reform in Kwara that have now attracted Federal attention. Every Child Counts, as the title of the Kwara
State Fact File
Yoruba, Nupe and Batonun
Main ethnic groups:
Yoruba, Nupe and Baruba
Kwara is renowned for its tranquil nature. Over the years, it has offered a safe haven for many who desire a peaceful place to stay where there are no ethnic or religious conflicts and thus resulting in a much diversified population. The state is thus known as the State of Harmony.
Official State Website
Kwara Schools Documentary
A detailed look at one of Kwara State's primary schools